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Canadian Rocky Mountains Wildlife

Many large mammal species inhabit the wild spaces of the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Abundant are white-tail deer, mule deer, Rocky Mountain elk, moose, bighorn sheep, and black bear. Less numerous, but still found, are mountain caribou, gray wolves, wolverines, and grizzly bears.

The upland forests host a number of bird species, among them the black-backed woodpecker and the Northern goshawk.

The ecoregion’s waters host considerable fish diversity. White sturgeon can grow to more than eight feet long, weighing several hundred pounds. Burbot, a freshwater cod, spawns under ice in winter. Mountain whitefish and bull trout also inhabit the ecoregion.

Animal Group

Approx. number of species
Mammals
70
Reptiles and amphibians
16
Birds
168
Fish
41
Butterflies
100
Dragonflies and damselflies
53
Other insects
Yet to be determined
Other invertebrates
Yet to be determined

 

For details of this ecoregion within Washington, click a subheading in the left column.

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