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Plants and Animals in Washington

Washington is home to a remarkable variety of species, a reflection of our ecosystems diversity, including marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. We have grizzly bears and pygmy rabbits, sea anemones and sagebrush, diminutive lichens and giant Palouse earthworms, deer-ferns and death camas. Within the state there are 3,100 vascular plant species, 140 mammals, 470 freshwater and marine fishes, 341 birds, 25 amphibians, 21 reptiles, an estimate of thousands of mosses, lichens, liverworts and fungi and an estimated 20,000 invertebrates (including more than 2,000 moths and butterflies).

More about Plants and Animals in Washington

  • Species 101

    Washington is home to a remarkable variety of species, a reflection of our ecosystems diversity, including marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. We have grizzly bears and pygmy rabbits, sea anemones and sagebrush, diminutive lichens and giant Palouse earthworms, deer-ferns and death camas.

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  • Conserving Plants and Animals

    A variety of conservation efforts in Washington are geared toward protecting plant and animal species. Some of these efforts are fairly broad and aimed at protection of our native flora and fauna. Others efforts are targeted toward rare or declining species.

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  • Hotspots and Diversity in Washington

    Hotspots of biological diversity in Washington include the Olympic Mountains, Puget Sound, the Wenatchee Mountains, the Columbia River Gorge, and the Columbia Plateau.

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  • Featured Plants in Washington

    Washington has more than 3,100 vascular plant species, ranging from giant conifers to diminutive annuals. Of those, the Washington Natural Heritage Program has classified more than 350 as either Endangered, Threatened, or Sensitive.

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  • Featured Animals in Washington

    Field guide-style entries and samples of both iconic and imperiled critters drawn from state fish and wildlife and other sources.

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  • Species Lists for Washington

    Washington has a huge variety of both plant and animal species. This page includes links to several lists, for both rare and common species.

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Quick Facts

Washington Natural Heritage Program
Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 47014
Olympia, WA 98504-7014

Contact Information

Phone: (360) 902-1667
Fax: (360) 902-1789
Email: natural_heritage_program@dnr.wa.gov
Website

History

Founded in: 1977

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