Mitigation of Impacts to Fish and Wildlife Habitats: Estimating Costs and Identifying Opportunities

Every year, human activities cause significant harm to fish and wildlife habitat and the environment. Many of the impacts to these natural resources are never addressed. In certain cases, however, federal, state, and local laws and programs can require monetary or in-kind compensation for these impacts. 

This October 2007 report from the Environmental Land Institute estimates that private and public expenditures for such compensation under key federal programs total up to $3.8 billion annually.

Download Mitigation of Impacts to Fish and Wildlife Habitat: Estimating Costs and Identifying Opportunities (PDF - 126 pages)

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