Federal Programs and Resources

Depending on the needs and uses of their lands, private landowners can leverage a variety of federal incentives for conservation as part of their overall funding "quilt."

Featured Federal Conservation Resources

  • Mitigation of Impacts to Fish and Wildlife Habitats: Estimating Costs and Identifying Opportunities

    This ELI report estimates that private and public expenditures under key federal programs alone can provide up to $3.8 billion annually for monetary or in-kind compensation of human impacts on fish and wildlife habitat.

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  • Forest Legacy Program

    Created by Congress in 1990, the U.S. Forest Service's Forest Legacy Program supports states' efforts to protect environmentally sensitive, privately owned forestland from conversion to non-forest uses.

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  • Land and Water Conservation Fund

    LWCF is the nation's bedrock land acquisition program, providing federal and state grants for the acquisition of land through annual appropriations approved by Congress and the president.

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  • Farmland Protection Program

    The Farmland Protection Program is a voluntary program that helps farmers and ranchers keep their land in agriculture and prevents conversion of agricultural land to non-agricultural uses.

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  • North American Wetlands Conservation Act

    The North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) provides matching grants for the acquisition, restoration, and enhancement of wetland ecosystems for the benefit of waterfowl and other wetland dependent migratory species.

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  • Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund Grants

    The US Fish and Wildlife Service offers grants to states through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund to support voluntary conservation projects for candidate, proposed, and listed species. Authorized under Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act, these funds may be awarded in turn to private landowners and groups for conservation projects.

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Additional Federal Conservation Resources

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