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© Pete Saloutos/Panoramic Images (Washington Title Image Large)

Featured Ecosystems

Washington’s ecosystems are diverse not only in the number of types, but also in the approaches to classifying them. Learn about some of the most interesting ones here.

Washington's Ecological Systems

  • Iconic Ecosystems

    When people think of Washington, they often visualize the Pacific Coast, conifer forests, and high mountains. Ecosystems of these areas are highlighted in this section.

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  • Endemic Ecosystems

    Washington has sseveral unique ecosystems including the Columbia River Gorge at the southern border and Channeled Scablands in the southeast.

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  • Disappearing Landscapes

    Changing conditions have had a negative impact on most vegetation types in Washington. Expanding human population, conversion to farmland, and fire suppression have caused substantial declines in several.

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