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Endemic Plants List

The highest numbers of endemic plant species in the United States are found in Florida, Texas and California, particularly in areas with poor dry soils and/or low precipitation. In Florida, most endemic plants are associated with dry, or xeric, habitats such as sandhills, scrub, scrubby flatwoods and pine rocklands. Of the more than 2,840 native or naturalized vascular plants that constitute the Florida flora, an estimated 11 percent are endemic to the state.

This listing of Florida’s 215 endemic and near-endemic plant species includes the global and state rank for each, followed by its designated federal and state legal status. For a detailed description of species rank codes visit the Species Rank Explanations page.

Plants and Lichens

  • Acacia pinetorum (Pine Acacia) - G4G5 SNR N N
  • Aeschynomene pratensis (Meadow Jointvetch) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Agave decipiens  - GNR SNR N N
  • Agave neglecta (Wild Century Plant) - G2G3 S2S3 N N
  • Amaranthus floridanus (Florida Amaranth) - G3 S3 N N
  • Argythamnia blodgettii (Blodgett's Wild-mercury) - G2 S2 C LE
  • Aristida patula (Tall Three-awn Grass) - G3 S3 N N
  • Aristida rhizomophora (Florida Three-awned Grass) - G4 S4 N N
  • Arnoglossum album (Chalky Indian-plantain) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Arnoglossum floridanum (Florida Indian-plantain) - G3 S3 N N
  • Asclepias curtissii (Curtiss' Milkweed) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Asclepias feayi (Florida Milkweed) - G4G5 SNR N N
  • Asimina obovata (Big-flowered Pawpaw) - G3G4 S3 N N
  • Asimina tetramera (Four-petal Pawpaw) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Asplenium plenum (Ruffled Spleenwort) - G1Q S1 N N
  • Aster pinifolius  - GNR SNR N N
  • Aster plumosus (Plumose Aster) - G2Q S2 N N
  • Aster simmondsii (Simmonds' Aster) - G5 SNR N N
  • Aster spinulosus (Pine-woods Aster) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Baptisia calycosa (Pine Land Wild-indigo) - G3 SNR N N
  • Baptisia simplicifolia (Scare-weed) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Berlandiera subacaulis  - G3 S3 N N
  • Boltonia apalachicolensis (Apalachicola Doll's Daisy) - G2Q S2 N N
  • Bonamia grandiflora (Florida Bonamia) - G3 S3 LT LE
  • Brickellia mosieri (Florida Brickell-bush) - G1 S1 C LE
  • Calamintha dentata (Toothed Savory) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Calamovilfa curtissii (Curtiss' Sandgrass) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Callisia ornata  - G5 S5 N N
  • Calydorea coelestina (Bartram's Ixia) - G2 S2S3 N LE
  • Campanula floridana (Florida Bellflower) - G3?Q SNR N N
  • Campanula robinsiae (Brooksville Bellflower) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Carex vexans (A Sedge) - G4? SNR N N
  • Carphephorus carnosus (Pineland Chaffhead) - G3G5 SNR N N
  • Carya floridana (Scrub Hickory) - G4 SNR N N
  • Centrosema arenicola (Sand Butterfly Pea) - G2Q S2 N LE
  • Chamaesyce conferta (Everglade Key Broomspurge) - G3 SNR N N
  • Chamaesyce cumulicola (Sand-dune Spurge) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Chamaesyce deltoidea (Wedge Spurge) - G2 SNR LE, C N
  • Chamaesyce garberi (Garber's Spurge) - G1 S1 LT LE
  • Chamaesyce porteriana (Porter's Broad-leaved Spurge) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Chapmannia floridana (Florida Alicia) - G5 SNR N N
  • Chionanthus pygmaeus (Pygmy Fringe Tree) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Chrysopsis floridana (Florida Goldenaster) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Chrysopsis highlandsensis (Highlands Goldenaster) - G2 S2 N N
  • Chrysopsis lanuginosa (Lynn Haven Golden-aster) - G3G5 SNR N N
  • Chrysopsis latisquamea (Pineland Golden-aster) - G3? SNR N N
  • Chrysopsis scabrella  - G4 S4 N N
  • Chrysopsis subulata (Scrubland Golden-aster) - G4G5 SNR N N
  • Cladonia perforata (Perforate Reindeer Lichen) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Clematis baldwinii (Pine-hyacinth) - G4 SNR N N
  • Clitoria fragrans (Scrub Pigeon-wing) - G3 S3 LT LE
  • Commelina gigas (Climbing Dayflower) - GUQ S1S2 N N
  • Conradina brevifolia (Short-leaved Rosemary) - G2Q S2 LE LE
  • Conradina etonia (Etonia Rosemary) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Conradina glabra (Apalachicola Rosemary) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Conradina grandiflora (Large-flowered Rosemary) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Coreopsis floridana (Florida Tickseed) - G3G4 SNR N N
  • Coreopsis leavenworthii  - G4G5 S4S5 N N
  • Crataegus consanguinea (A Hawthorn) - G3G5Q SNR N N
  • Crataegus lacrimata (A Hawthorn) - G3 S3 N N
  • Crataegus panda  - G4G5Q SNR N N
  • Crotalaria avonensis (Avon Park Rabbit-bells) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Cucurbita okeechobeensis (Okeechobee Gourd) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Cuphea aspera (Florida Waxweed) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Dalea adenopoda  - G2G3 S2S3 N N
  • Deeringothamnus pulchellus (Beautiful Pawpaw) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Deeringothamnus rugelii (Rugel's Pawpaw) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Dicerandra christmanii (Garrett's Scrub Balm) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Dicerandra cornutissima (Longspurred Mint) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Dicerandra densiflora  - G3? SNR N N
  • Dicerandra frutescens (Scrub Mint) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Dicerandra immaculata (Lakela's Mint) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Dicerandra thinicola (Titusville Balm) - G1Q S1 N LE
  • Digitaria floridana (Florida Crabgrass) - G1 S1 N N
  • Digitaria gracillima (Longleaf Crabgrass) - G1 S1 N N
  • Digitaria pauciflora (Few-flowered Fingergrass) - G1 S1 C LE
  • Digitaria simpsonii (Isle-of-pines Crabgrass) - G2 S2 N N
  • Dyschoriste angusta (Everglades Twin Flower) - G2G3 S2S3 N N
  • Echinochloa paludigena  - G3Q S3 N N
  • Echinodorus floridanus (Florida Burrhead) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Eriocaulon nigrobracteatum (Dark-headed Hatpins) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Eryngium cuneifolium (Wedge-leaved Button-snakeroot) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Eupatorium chapmanii  - GUGHQ SNR N N
  • Eupatorium frustratum (Cape Sable Thorough-wort) - G1 S1 C LE
  • Eupatorium mikanioides (Semaphore Thorough-wort) - G3? SNR N N
  • Euphorbia pinetorum (Rockland Painted-leaf) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Euphorbia polyphylla (Many-leaf Florida Spurge) - G4 SNR N N
  • Euphorbia rosescens (Scrub Spurge) - G1 S1 N N
  • Euphorbia telephioides (Telephus Spurge) - G1 S1 LT LE
  • Eustachys neglecta (Four-spike Finger Grass) - G3 S3 N N
  • Flaveria floridana (Florida Flaveria) - G3 SNR N N
  • Galactia pinetorum (Pineland Milk Pea) - G2Q S2 N N
  • Galactia smallii (Small's Milk Pea) - G1Q S1 LE LE
  • Garberia heterophylla (Garberia) - G3G4 S3S4 N LT
  • Gentiana pennelliana (Wiregrass Gentian) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Glandularia maritima (Coastal Vervain) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Glandularia tampensis (Tampa Vervain) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Govenia floridana (Sheathing Govenia) - G1Q S1 N LE
  • Guapira floridana (Rock Key Devil's-claws) - G1 S1 N N
  • Halophila johnsonii (Johnson's Seagrass) - G2 S2 LT N
  • Harperocallis flava (Harper's Beauty) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Harrisia aboriginum (Aboriginal Prickly Apple) - G1 S1 C LE
  • Harrisia fragrans (Fragrant Prickly Apple) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Harrisia simpsonii (Simpson's Prickly Apple) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Hasteola robertiorum (Florida Hasteola) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Helianthus carnosus (Lake-side Sunflower) - G1G2 S1S2 N LE
  • Hymenocallis duvalensis  - G3 S3 N N
  • Hymenocallis godfreyi (Godfrey's Spiderlily) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Hymenocallis henryae (Panhandle Spiderlily) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Hymenocallis palmeri (Alligator Lily) - G3? SNR N N
  • Hymenocallis punta-gordensis  - G1Q SNR N N
  • Hypericum chapmanii (Chapman's St. John's-wort) - G3 S3 N N
  • Hypericum cumulicola (Highlands Scrub Hypericum) - G2 S2 LE LE
  • Hypericum edisonianum (Edison's Ascyrum) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Hypericum exile (A St. John's-wort) - G2G3 S2S3 N N
  • Hypericum lissophloeus (Smoothbark St. John's wort) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Illicium parviflorum (Star Anise) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Jacquemontia curtissii (Pineland Jacquemontia) - G2 S2 N LT
  • Jacquemontia reclinata (Beach Jacquemontia) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Justicia angusta (Everglades Water Willow) - G3Q S3 N N
  • Justicia cooleyi (Cooley's Water-willow) - G2 S2 LE LE
  • Justicia crassifolia (Thick-leaved Water-willow) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Lechea cernua (Nodding Pinweed) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Lechea divaricata (Pine Pinweed) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Lechea lakelae (Lakela's Pinweed) - GH SH N LE
  • Liatris garberi (Garber's Gayfeather) - G3 S3 N N
  • Liatris gholsonii (Bluffs Blazing Star) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Liatris ohlingerae (Florida Blazing Star) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Liatris provincialis (Godfrey's Blazing Star) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Linum arenicola (Sand Flax) - G1G2 S1S2 C LE
  • Linum westii (West's Flax) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Lobelia feayana (Bay Lobelia) - G4 S4 N N
  • Lobelia homophylla (Pineland Lobelia) - G3? SNR N N
  • Ludwigia spathulifolia  - G1G3Q S1S3 N N
  • Lupinus aridorum (Scrub Lupine) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Lupinus westianus (Gulf Coast Lupine) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Lythrum flagellare (Lowland Loosestrife) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Macbridea alba (White Birds-in-a-nest) - G2 S2 LT LE
  • Magnolia ashei (Ashe's Magnolia) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Matelea floridana (Florida Spiny-pod) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Melanthera ligulata (Pine-land Squarestem) - G1G3 SNR N N
  • Melanthera parvifolia (Small-leaved Melanthera) - G2Q S2 N LT
  • Micranthemum glomeratum (Manatee Mudflower) - G3? SNR N N
  • Monotropsis reynoldsiae (Pygmy Pipes) - G1Q S1 N LE
  • Nemastylis floridana (Celestial Lily) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Nolina atopocarpa (Florida Beargrass) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Nolina brittoniana (Britton's Beargrass) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Nyssa ursina (Bog Tupelo) - G2 S2 N N
  • Opuntia corallicola (Florida Semaphore Cactus) - G1 S1 C LE
  • Oxypolis greenmanii (Giant Water-dropwort) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Palafoxia feayi (Feay's Palafoxia) - G3G5 SNR N N
  • Panicum abscissum (Cutthroat Grass) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Paronychia chartacea (Paper-like Nail-wort) - G3 S3 LT N
  • Persea humilis (Scrub Bay) - G3 S3 N N
  • Pharus glaber  - G4 S1 N N
  • Phoebanthus grandiflorus (Florida False-sunflower) - G3G4 SNR N N
  • Phoebanthus tenuifolius (Narrow-leaved Phoebanthus) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Physostegia godfreyi (Apalachicola Dragon-head) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Pilosocereus robinii (Tree Cactus) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Pinguicula ionantha (Godfrey's Butterwort) - G2 S2 LT LE
  • Piptochaetium avenacioides  - GNR SNR N N
  • Pityopsis flexuosa (Zigzag Silkgrass) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Pluchea longifolia (Long-leaf Camphor-weed) - G3G4 S3S4 N N
  • Polygala lewtonii (Lewton's Polygala) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Polygala rugelii (Yellow Bachelor's Button) - G4 S4 N N
  • Polygala smallii (Tiny Polygala) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Polygonella basiramia (Florida Jointweed) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Polygonella ciliata (Hairy Jointweed) - G4? SNR N N
  • Polygonella myriophylla (Small's Jointweed) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Polygonella robusta  - G4? SNR N N
  • Potamogeton floridanus (Florida Pondweed) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Prunus geniculata (Scrub Plum) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Quercus inopina (Scrub Oak) - G4 S4 N N
  • Rhododendron chapmanii (Chapman's Rhododendron) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Rhynchosia cinerea (Brown-haired Snoutbean) - G4 S4 N N
  • Rhynchosia michauxii (Michaux's Snoutbean) - G3? SNR N N
  • Rhynchospora floridensis (Florida White-top Sedge) - G3 S2 N N
  • Rhynchospora megaplumosa (Large-plumed Beaksedge) - G2 S2 N N
  • Rorippa floridana  - G3G4 S3S4 N N
  • Roystonea elata (Florida Royal Palm) - G2G3 S2 N LE
  • Rubus inferior  - G2?Q SNR N N
  • Rubus ucetanus  - GUGHQ SNR N N
  • Rudbeckia graminifolia  - G3 S3 N N
  • Sabal etonia (Scrub Palmetto) - G4 S4 N N
  • Sabal miamiensis (Miami Palmetto) - G1Q S1 N N
  • Sagittaria kurziana  - G4 S4 N N
  • Schizachyrium niveum (Scrub Bluestem) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Schizachyrium rhizomatum (Florida Bluestem) - G4 S4 N N
  • Schizachyrium sericatum (Silky Bluestem) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Scutellaria arenicola (Florida Scrub Skullcap) - G3G4 S3S4 N N
  • Scutellaria floridana (Florida Skullcap) - G2 S2 LT LE
  • Sideroxylon alachuense (Silver Buckthorn) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Sisyrinchium miamiense  - GNR SNR N N
  • Solidago chapmanii  - G5? SNR N N
  • Sorghastrum apalachicolense (Open Indiangrass) - G3G4Q S2S3 N N
  • Spermacoce terminalis (Everglade Keys False Buttonweed) - G2G4 S2S4 N LT
  • Spigelia loganioides (Pinkroot) - G2Q S2 N LE
  • Stachydeoma graveolens (Mock Pennyroyal) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Stylisma abdita (Scrub Stylisma) - G3 S3 N LE
  • Taxus floridana (Florida Yew) - G2 S2 N LE
  • Tephrosia rugelii (Rugel's Hoary-pea) - G3G4 S3S4 N N
  • Tragia saxicola (Pineland Noseburn) - G2 S2 N LT
  • Trichostema suffrutescens (Florida Scrub Bluecurls) - G1G2 SNR N N
  • Triphora craigheadii (Craighead's Nodding-caps) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Tripsacum floridanum (Florida Gama Grass) - G2 S2 N LT
  • Verbesina chapmanii (Chapman's Crownbeard) - G3 S3 N LT
  • Verbesina heterophylla (Variable-leaf Crownbeard) - G2 S2 N N
  • Vicia floridana (Florida Vetch) - G3G4 SNR N N
  • Vicia ocalensis (Ocala Vetch) - G1 S1 N LE
  • Vitis shuttleworthii (Shuttleworth Grape) - G4 S4 N N
  • Warea amplexifolia (Clasping Warea) - G1 S1 LE LE
  • Warea carteri (Carter's Warea) - G3 S3 LE LE
  • Xyris correlliorum  - GNR SNR N N
  • Ziziphus celata (Scrub Ziziphus) - G1 S1 LE LE

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