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Inundation - Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Overview

This map depicts four aspects of inundation, three of which primarily apply to coastal areas of the watershed and one that is watershed-wide. Projected Inundation from Sea Level Rise; Projected Marsh Migration Areas; Projected Storm Surge Impact Areas; and 500 Year Floodplains.

Data Layer Description

Source

Chesapeake Conservation Partnership

Location

Pennsylvania, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.

Description

A changing climate can have a wide range of impacts on the Chesapeake landscape. Among them are inundation and flooding associated with long-term sea level rise, changing rainfall regimes, and the impacts of major storms.

In 2003, storm surge from Hurricane Isabel caused $1.2 billion (2017 USD) in damage in Maryland and the District of Columbia alone. Tropical Storm Lee created extensive flooding along the Susquehanna in 2011. Portions of low-lying cities like Norfolk and Annapolis now flood on a regular basis. Projected sea level rise will have substantial impacts to portions of the Eastern Shore.

The known and projected areas of inundation can and should influence conservation. On the one hand, investing conservation dollars in flood prone locations may seem like a questionable investment. On the other, conserving locations that will allow for the upstream migration of wetlands and marshes can provide significant benefits.

This map incorporates four aspects of inundation, three of which primarily apply to coastal areas of the watershed and one that is watershed-wide:

  1. Projected Inundation from Sea Level Rise: We use a mid-range projection of 4 feet of sea level rise by 2050 in this map, based on NOAA data. (The low and high range projections are 1 and 5  feet, respectively.) Note that by 2100 the mid-range projection is for 5 feet of sea level rise.
  2. Projected Marsh Migration Areas: Using sea level rise projections and existing land-cover data, NOAA  has calculated optimal areas for allowing upward marsh migration to support natural systems. These areas are potential conservation opportunities.
  3. Projected Storm Surge Impact Areas: This shows coastal areas projected to be inundated during storm surge events based on a 4 foot surge, comparable to a Category 1 storm. This uses the NOAA SLOSH model for these calculations.
  4. 500 Year Floodplain: This watershed-wide data comes from FEMA to indicates areas likely subject to “500 year floods.” These floodplains indicate areas of increased vulnerability to historic scale flood events.

How to get the data layer

Contact Jeff Allenby, Chesapeake Conservancy, jallenby@chesapeakeconservancy.org

How you might make use of this data layer

This dataset shares information on areas projected to be subject to inundation. This information may be useful in planning and supporting various collaborative conservation efforts.

How to get more information

For more information about the Chesapeake Conservation Partnership contact: John Griffin, Program Manager, jgriffin@chesapeakeconservation.org

Access and use constraints

Attribution No Derivatives (BY-ND)

None

Credits

2017, Chesapeake Conservation Partnership & Chesapeake Conservancy.

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