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© Chesapeake Bay Program (Chesapeake)

Star Spangled Banner Trail

Overview

The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail is a 560-mile land and water route that tells the story of the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake Bay region. It connects historic sites in Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia and commemorates the events leading up to the Battle for Baltimore, the aftermath of which inspired Francis Scott Key to write the National Anthem. The trail traces American and British troop movements, introduces visitors to communities affected by the war, and highlights the Chesapeake region’s distinctive landscapes and waterways.
Congress established the Star-Spangled Banner Trail in 2008. The trail is one of 19 national historic trails administered by the National Park Service and one of 30 trails in the National Trails System.

Data Layer Description

Source

National Park Service, Chesapeake Bay Office

What this data layer represents

This layer provides a generalized depiction of the land and water routes of the Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail.

Location

Chesapeake Bay Watershed; Virginia, Maryland and District of Columbia

Description

The Chesapeake Campaign represents the only time in American history when the nation's capital was invaded by a foreign power. The campaign was made up of two military initiatives led by British Rear Admiral George Cockburn during the summer of 1814: first, the assault on Washington including the Battle of Bladensburg, the burnings of the White House, the Capitol, the Navy Yard, and other public buildings in Washington, DC, and diversionary feints along the region's waterways; and second, the Battle for Baltimore. With most of the regular U.S. Army on the Canadian border, the defense of the Chesapeake and the nation's capital fell largely to poorly trained and inexperienced militia.

The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail represents American and British routes during these battles.

How to get more information

Visit the National Park Service's Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail website, or contact:

Carroll Cottingham
National Park Service
410 Severn Ave., Suite 314
Annapolis, MD, USA 21403
(410) 260-2495

Sample Map

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